The House of Representatives, Japan

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Separation of Powers

The Constitution of Japan provides for the principle of the separation of powers. Three independent organs — the Diet, the Cabinet, and the Judiciary — are established, and each limits the power of the others through a system of checks and balances. This prevents the abuse of power and guarantees the rights and freedom of the people.



Separation of Powers.1. Relations between the Diet and the Cabinet …
The Diet designates the Prime Minister from among the Diet Members and has the power to pass a non–confidence resolution against the Cabinet in the House of Representatives, while the Cabinet convokes the Diet and has the right to dissolve the House of Representatives.
2. Relations between the Diet and courts …
The Diet has the power to hold an impeachment trial to remove judges, while courts have the right to review the constitutionality of laws made by the Diet.3. Relations between the Cabinet and courts …
The Cabinet designates the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court and appoints other judges, while courts have the right to review the constitutionality of orders, regulations and official acts.







The House of Representatives
1-7-1 Nagatacho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0014, Japan

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