A bill that has been passed by one house should go through exactly the same stages of deliberation in the other house. As a general rule, a bill becomes a law after passage by both houses. A bill that is passed by the House of Representatives but rejected by the House of Councillors can still become law if it is passed a second time by the House of Representatives by a majority of two-thirds or more of the members present. This provision shall also apply if the House of Councillors fails to take final action within 60 days of receipt of a bill passed by the House of Representatives, time in recess not included. It is open to each of the two houses, if they disagree on the text of a bill, to call for the convening of a conference committee of both houses. A conference committee of both houses is composed of 20 members, each house electing half of them. A conference committee quorum is two-thirds of the members from each house, and there must be a majority of two-thirds of the members present for the matter to be approved. Two chairmen - one from each house with each elected by the committee members from his or her own house - preside over the meetings alternately, lots being drawn to decide who presides first. If no agreement can be reached, the chairman of the conference committee of each house reports this fact to his or her house.
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