The House of Representatives, Japan

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Convocation and Term of Session

Convocation of the National Diet is decided by the Cabinet, and an Imperial Rescript is promulgated.

Type Convocation Term of Session
Ordinary session Once a year, starting in January 150 days
(one extension possible )
Extraordinary session
  1. When deemed necessary by the Cabinet
  2. When requested by one-quarter or more of the total Members of either House
  3. After a general election called due to the expiration of the term of office of the Members of the House of Representatives or after a regular election of the House of Councillors
Determined by agreement of both Houses
(two extensions possible)
Special session After a general election called after the dissolution of the House of Representatives

The House of Representatives
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